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Annotated Bibliography of NSABP Publications

Pathobiology of Small Invasive Breast Cancers Without Metastases (T1a/b, N0, M0). National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) Protocol B-21.
Fisher ER, Costantino JP, Leon ME, Bandos H, Palekar AS, Fisher B, Wolmark N.
Cancer 2007 Nov 1;110(9):1929-36.

Background: Uncertainties continue to exist concerning the outcomes and management of small (T1a/b N0 M0) invasive breast cancers.

Methods: A central pathology review was performed of 638 such lesions from National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) clinical trial B-21.

Results: Univariate analysis revealed a high risk for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence with tumors exhibiting a ductal carcinoma in situ component or poor nuclear grade. The converse (protective effect) was found with tumors arising in radial scars, those of tubular histologic type, and those with moderate/marked tumor stroma. The correlations were generally similar for disease-free survival. However, only nuclear grade was found to be independently significant for both of these outcomes. Only lymphatic tumor extension was univariately and multivariately significant for overall survival.

Conclusions: The long-term results of follow-up (median, 11.2 years) from the current trial continue to support the need for local breast irradiation and adjuvant therapy in the management of patients with these small cancers.

PMID: 17896781